The customer was also concerned by a large rust mark left on the stone where old garden furniture had been sitting. The customer was very impressed by the sudden improvement in the condition of the test patch. Amazingly, the product helped to reduce the rust stain by about 90%. I left the happy customer with some maintenance instructions to keep the appearance of stone up as it is exposed to the elements.

Making matters worse, the patio had never been sealed, and this had allowed dirt and moss to become ingrained in the stone.


Refinish Old Concrete Porch/Step/Patio With New Concrete Stain And Faux Stone Pattern | Duration 11 Minutes 42 Seconds

The full restoration was booked in to take place within a fortnight. The product was worked into the stone using a black scrubbing pad fitted to a rotary machine.

How To Clean Restore Natural Stone Patios by homeguides.sfgate.com

Although it will look good with hardly any effort, your stone patio will need an occasional cleaning. Barbecue spills, children’s craft projects and even daily dirt blown in the air can add up to a dirty, stained stone surface. Assess the surface of your natural stone patio to determine its type of stains. The cleaning methods you use will depend on the type of stains present.

Sweep the entire surface in one direction horizontally, and sweep again vertically. If the detergent fails to clean the grease stain, then rinse the surface completely with clear water and try removing the stain with an ammonia solution made with 1/2 cup of ammonia mixed with 1 gallon of water. Rinse the stone surface completely between each cleaning attempt to prevent chemicals from mixing. Wear waterproof gloves and eye-wear when preparing and using the dilution bleach solution. It will clean the stains and kill the organisms that can make them return.

Barbecue spills, children’s craft projects and even daily dirt blown in the air can add up to a dirty, stained stone surface. Although it will look good with hardly any effort, your stone patio will need an occasional cleaning. Start with the most gentle cleaning techniques possible, and move on to more elaborate methods if the simpler ones don’t work. Any stones laid outdoors need to be swept and washed, but you may find dripped grease or smoke stains under a fire pit or barbecue grill, or other evidence of rough use. Sweep the patio’s entire surface, removing loose sand, leaves, gravel and other debris. That technique ensures you remove dirt that falls in the cracks between the stones.



How To Remove A Stain From Natural Stone | Duration 4 Minutes 43 Seconds

The water will remove surface dust and dirt that remains after sweeping. Squirt the detergent over a stain on the stone, and scrub the stone with a scrub brush. Rinse the area with water from the hose to remove the grease stain and cleaner.

Wear waterproof gloves and eye-wear when using the ammonia and other strong chemicals. Clean biological stains caused by moss, mildew and/or lichen by mixing 1/2 cup of household bleach with 1 gallon of water. Mop up the excess bleach solution with clean cloths or rags, and rinse the stains with clear water. Moisture can be trapped between the sealant and the stone, causing cracking during freezing and thawing as the seasons progress. Baley has published a series of books teaching how to live a frugal life with style and panache.

Renew Concrete Patio: How To Stain Concrete by familyhandyman.com

Then we used those squares to create a checkerboard pattern, alternating between dark red and light gold. Staining concrete is a fast, simple way to turn your dull gray patio into a lively, colorful surface that will make your outdoor space more inviting.

If you’re not happy with the staining concrete result, you can go back and apply a second or third coat to enhance the color. You can apply the stain over worn concrete, but don’t expect a miracle. The stains can fade and wear over time, but sealer helps protect them.

You can do this how to stain concrete project in a weekend. If you decide to add a second coat of stain, you’ll need another day. The color you choose may look slightly different after it’s applied. However, the color will be close to what you see in the brochure. That’s it—there’s no need to block off sections or switch sprayers. But if you need to cut kerfs, start by snapping a chalk line where you want to cut. Install a diamond masonry blade in a circular saw and set it to a depth of 1/4 in.

As with any other staining concrete project, surface preparation is critical. For tough rust stains, use a stain remover, and rinse it off with water. Before cracking open the stain, shield the lower portion of the house and any nearby landscaping materials to protect against drifting spray. You don’t have to protect plants and grass if you don’t want to (any stain that gets on them will hardly be noticeable). Spray the first color (the base coat) onto wet concrete, applying just enough stain to cover the surface.

Fill the sprayers over tarps on the grass (don’t fill them on the patio since spills will stain the concrete).

Don’t use them if they’re dripping wet with stain or they’ll drip onto (and stain) the concrete. Plan the application so you don’t box yourself into a corner. Use the water to “push” the color all the way to the edges or onto bare spots. When switching to a new stain color, be sure the lens shields are dry, or use new shields so the old color doesn’t run onto the section of the patio with the new color.

After the stain dries, remove the debris and touch up the stain (see the next step). Touch them up by spraying stain from a hand-held spray bottle onto a clean cloth, then dabbing the stain onto the spots. Wet the concrete and apply the stain using the same steps as before. You’ll probably find bare spots that you missed, especially along the edges. Plan on rolling on a new coat of sealer every three to four years to protect the surface. You’ll have to clean the patio with heavy-duty cleaner and give the patio a fresh coat of sealer every three to four years. Choose a day or time of day when the patio is shaded (don’t apply the sealer in direct sunlight). Or divide your patio into sections as we did and color them differently. If you don’t like the result, just keep applying new colors until you get the look you want.

We created a focal point with the middle square by mixing three colors together. The stain is nearly foolproof to apply—just wet the concrete and spray on the stain.

In this how to stain concrete story, we’ll show you how to apply the stain, including ideas for mixing stains to create a unique, multicolored surface that looks like marble. If you’re cutting kerfs into the concrete, you’ll need a diamond masonry blade for your circular saw. The stain will turn a darker color wherever the concrete is pitted. Concrete stain is a water-based product that coats the concrete and becomes a permanent part of the surface. Concrete stains are different from acid (or etching) stains, which chemically react with minerals in the concrete to change the color. You’ll see the concrete through the stain, especially if you’re using a light color.

This how to stain concrete project is much faster and easier if you stain your whole patio a single color.



Stain Removal On Marble, Limestone And Marble/Concrete Agglomerate With Oxidan + Margel | Duration 2 Minutes 26 Seconds

If you want a pattern with different colors, start by deciding on a color scheme. The cuts don’t need to be deep—just enough to separate colors.

You won’t be able to get the saw blade right next to the house, so finish off the kerfs with a masonry chisel and a hammer or a grinder with a diamond blade.

Any stains, such as rust, will show through in the finished project. Then rinse the concrete with water until you don’t see any more soapy bubbles. We changed into a pair of clean, dry shoes to work on the patio. Don’t worry about even coverage with the second coat—you want the colors to mix together. Use the water stream to push the stain to bare spots and to produce swirls in the stain. You shouldn’t apply the stain in direct sunlight (partial or full shade is best), so wait for a cloudy day or a time of day when the patio is shaded. You’ll need a few garden sprayers for this project—one for each stain color you’re applying and one for water. If you’re creating a pattern, you’ll need shields to place in the kerfs or expansion joints to prevent spraying onto adjoining areas. The first and second colors will intermix, producing the marbleized effect. If the water pools in a low spot or starts to run onto an adjacent section, dab it up with a cloth.

If the color isn’t as vibrant as you want or the coverage is spotty, go back and add another coat of stain. We added a second coat to the corner squares of our patio to give them a deeper, richer color. The manufacturer says the sealing step is optional, but we recommend it because it protects against fading and wear, and it enhances the stain. Give the stain a full day to dry, then apply the high-gloss sealer.


Natural Stone Cleaning, Sealing Of Patios, Floors & Driveways | Duration 2 Minutes 28 Seconds

Keep it quick and simple by applying a single color to your entire patio.

CLINIC; Maintaining Restoring Fine Slabs Of Marble by nytimes.com

But polishing dulled marble and mending chipped or broken pieces are generally jobs for experts. For routine cleaning, a mild or neutral detergent containing no abrasives, oil or grease is generally recommended. To help prevent deep penetration by dirt, clean dry marble can be sealed with clear penetrating sealer. Floors and heavily used table tops should be sealed two to four times a year. Detergents for marble will generally remove surface stains caused by spilled foods, liquids and other substances.

Unless spills and dirt are wiped up promptly, etching or deep staining can occur that is harder, and sometimes impossible, to remove. To remove oily stains caused by substances like dairy products, salad oil or cosmetics, place a cloth saturated with solvent-based cleaner on the area for three to five minutes and then wipe with a separate clean or dampened cloth.

Cover the paste with plastic wrap to retard drying and leave it alone for 24 hours, unless it dries earlier. Repeat, if necessary, after the bubbling stops, and rinse the area thoroughly with water and wipe dry. If that fails, apply a paste of rust-removal jelly mixed with plaster of paris or marble dust. To restore glossiness, wet the cleaned marble and sprinkle it lightly with tin oxide powder or another marble-polishing compound. Then rinse the surface with clear water and wipe it completely clean. Chipped corners or edges of marble slabs can be restored with two-part polyester resin mixed with marble dust. Then wipe the area with acetone to clean it and mix the resin according to the manufacturer’s instructions, adding the marble dust at the same time.

To do that, clean the edges of the pieces with acetone, mix the resin as directed and then brush it onto the edges of all pieces being joined.

When the adhesive has cured, begin polishing the repaired area by hand, using water and a new 100- to 120-grit oil stone.

If the right products are used, cleaning marble already in good condition is easy, and even rejuvenating neglected marble usually is not too difficult. To clean marble, use detergents and other products specifically formulated for it. That involves spraying or wiping the surface with the sealer, allowing it to soak in for about 30 minutes and then wiping away the excess. But surfaces like wall veneer and fireplace trim usually require sealing only once or twice annually.



How To Restore And Care For Marble | Duration 1 Minutes 8 Seconds

Do not wax sealed surfaces unless the directions on the sealer specify that. Wiping with a solvent-based marble cleaner will remove the oily film caused by touching marble with the hands. If that does not work, mix the cleaner with plaster of paris or marble dust to the consistency of paste and spread it over the stain in a layer about a half-inch thick. If stronger measures are needed, mix a paste of peroxide and marble dust in a glass container and apply it as described. To remove rust stains, first try dry scrubbing with coarse cloth like burlap. Cover the paste as described, leave it for 24 hours, and then rinse it off.

Make a dam around the area by using scrap wood covered with waxed paper. Pour the mixture onto the damaged area and use the brush supplied with the product to spread it, overfilling the area slightly. Scrape off any squeezed-out adhesive with a putty knife and fill chipped areas along the seams with marble dust.

Fixing Faded Acid Stain Color by concretenetwork.com

The stain took fine, and after rinsing, we tested a small area for final color approval. Exposure to dirt, rain, sun and foot traffic all play a part in color retention, but sealer choice can also have an impact.

If the lanai is under a roof or covered from the elements, a sacrificial topcoat of wax can be used to help bring out the color.

Finally, we sealed the job using two coats of a 30% solvent-based sealer. Just to make sure, double check the type of sealer you applied and make sure it’s recommended for use on an exterior stained slab. An additional thin coat of an appropriate decorative sealer may be needed to restore the color.

4 Steps To Restoring A Deck by thisoldhouse.com

Over the years, the elements as well as their kids and pets took a toll on their backyard deck. Hiring pros is easy on the schedule but hard on the budget—the cost of repairing a 700-sq.-ft. A deck rejuvenation project like this can be done in two days, but it’s best to spread the work over two weekends to ensure the wood is completely dry before you apply stain. Ease the sawn edge using a router fitted with a ⅜-inch roundover bit. Remove fasteners and lift the board straight up to avoid damaging adjacent boards. Assuming they have been maintained regularly, most decks can be revived with just a deck cleaner.

Always wear eye protection and gloves when working with concentrated chemicals. The level of plant protection depends on the type and concentration of the chemicals you choose.

Powerful deck restorers can burn leaves on contact; in that case you should cover nearby plants with plastic sheeting. Graf recommends using a fan-type nozzle instead of a pinpoint nozzle that can dig into the wood. Go over the deck with a stiff-bristle brush to work the cleaner into the wood fibers, and then rinse. Thoroughly rinse the deck after using this chemical because it can eat away at the wood, resulting in fuzzing and premature graying. Be very careful when working with any of these chemicals, especially when they’re in their most concentrated (premixed) form. Rinse the surface thoroughly and allow it to dry before refinishing.

The pigment also provides extra protection from the damaging effects of the sun and will last longer than clear finishes. Starling sprays on a light coat, most of which is quickly absorbed into the wood.

Starling recycles the excess stain for use on exposed end grain. To avoid staining the nearby brick, he uses a small piece of cardboard as a spray shield; the brush provides even more control around deck railings and posts. Stain won’t peel, but it can wear away, especially in high-traffic areas. A clear water repellent can be applied between stainings for extra protection. For new decks, the manufacturer recommends installing the posts before the decking and using metal brackets that attach to the joists.

Tighten the fasteners that attach the deck to the house, look for any missing, bent or rusted flashing and carefully inspect inside and out for any telltale black stains that suggest moisture is working its way into your home. For example, tap down any popped nails or consider replacing them with screws. Once on the deck, most still require a stiff-bristle brush and a lot of elbow grease to work the mixture into the wood. For weak solutions and “plant-friendly” cleaners, you may need to only mist the plants before and after using cleaning. Oxalic acid isn’t effective against mildew, so you may want to use it after cleaning the deck with a bleach-based cleaner. Don’t leave it on too long, or it can eat away at the wood.

Using adjacent boards as a cutting guide is faster and more accurate than measuring. Unlike paint, stain is absorbed by the wood and does not form a film on its surface, so it will not peel or chip. Starling recommends starting at an inside corner and working out, applying the stain parallel to the deck boards.

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