As the region’s demographics change, we need to plan for our future by addressing long-standing institutional barriers that inhibit success for everyone. The presence of an explicit equity outcome places the issue as a driver in regional policymaking. Their ideas about how to advance equity at the agency and in the region informed the development of a first draft of the equity strategy and action plan. And we reaffirm the rights of immigrants and refugees no matter what their status to basic due process rights such as the right to remain silent if asked for documentation. Metro has committed to creating a more equitable and inclusive region where everyone has the opportunity to share in and contribute to a thriving, livable and prosperous region.But for people of color, those benefits are more myth than reality – and the inequity hurts us all.

And areas with the highest asthma rates in our region are also the areas most likely to house people of color. By addressing the barriers faced by those communities, we will improve outcomes for other disadvantaged communities as well. More than 180 people participated in key stakeholder interviews and community conversations. In spring 2016, more than 140 members of communities of color and immigrants participated in the nine discussion groups organized and facilitated by community-based organizations and consultants. Metro department will develop their own racial equity action plans that are unique to the department needs and structure.


How To Be A Countertop Composter | Duration 3 Minutes 6 Seconds

100 Things You Can Compost by smallfootprintfamily.com

Without the holy cycle of decay and rebirth that the composter harnesses for her garden, life on this planet could not exist. It’s a vital and necessary sustainability strategy for reducing waste, closing the nutrient cycle, and preventing air pollution that causes climate change. When organic matter like food waste goes to the landfill, it ends up decomposing anaerobically —or without oxygen. Whether you till it into your garden beds or use it as mulch around shrubs and trees, it is considered essential to organic and sustainable food production. But even if you don’t have a garden, composting is still a vitally important practice. But without organic matter, soil becomes dead, inert mineral dust that won’t grow anything but weeds.

Worm Composter

Pretty much anything that once lived or was made from a living thing can be composted. A compost pile can be as easy as starting a heap of veggie scraps, dead leaves, and grass clippings in the far corner of your yard, but most people like to contain their compost in a neat-looking compost bin. Select the bin style that works for you, and if it is an outdoor model, install it near the garden, away from your house. If you leave an apple on a table, it will eventually decay and break down into a little pile of dirt. I like to keep a small stockpile of horse manure (green) and straw (brown) on hand nearby as fodder to keep my pile in balance so it decomposes quickly. It’s really worth the extra effort to chop and shred if you plan to use your compost for vegetable gardening. Make sure your compost pile stays moist, like a damp sponge. Everything we can do to keep compostable materials out of the landfill will help prevent pollution and restore our depleted soils. Imagine how much trash we could prevent from going into the landfills if each of us just decided to compost a few more things!

For a truly sustainable future that our great-grandchildren can thrive in, closing the nutrient cycle by composting is essential, or we will deplete our precious soils into dust. I would like to start with foods that are scrap or turning bad. Pine needles actually make a great mulch for azaleas, blueberries, hydrangeas and other acid loving plants. But even with compostable diapers, you will quickly generate too many of them to be handled by home composting.

One for organic material and the things on your list for my veggie garden and another one with materials that will break down but aren’t good to use on food gardens. My other idea was to bury the non usable biodegradable materials. Having a second pile to decompose things that take a long time, or that are not suitable for vegetable gardening is a very smart idea that will greatly reduce your trash; just be sure to protect your pile from scavengers, or place it far enough away from the house that you won’t mind them creeping about. That’s farther than many people will go, but it is not dangerous or harmful to anyone, and it’s really good for the plants. Arizona where the lows are well below freezing for 4-5 months. Then, you can start a new pile next to it anytime, even if it freezes over winter before it is complete. Save the compost with pet waste in it for your flowers, shrubs and trees. I thought dog and cat urine and poop killed flower plants, as well as house plants. If you use any ash in the pile, it should be added very sparingly, only come from untreated firewood, and be mixed well into the pile. A person who composts thoughtfully is a shepherd over the transformation from death into life. Composting is far more than just free fertilizer for the garden.



13 Best Kitchen Compost Bins Compare, Buy & Save&Nbsp;(2018) From Heavy | Duration 2 Minutes 15 Seconds

This process creates methane, a greenhouse gas 20-35 times more potent than carbon dioxide at warming our planet. If we composted food and other organic waste instead of throwing it away, we’d need fewer landfills, and they wouldn’t emit methane.

We humans take far more carbon, minerals and organic matter from the soil than we put back. Returning as much of our organic waste as we can to the soil will begin to rebalance the nutrient cycle we depend on for our very survival. As long as an item contains all natural components, it will decay, decompose and break down, returning it’s nutrients to the soil. Once you have reached a critical mass of scraps in your bin (usually about a cubic yard of material or a 3’x3’x3′ pile), it will begin to noticeably break down. Considered “black gold” by most gardeners, even if you don’t garden yourself, you could easily give your compost away to your neighborhood green thumb!

There’s really nothing you need to do to get compost to happen except make a pile of things to rot outside.

You can do this with a pitchfork, but a compost tumbler bin can make this incredibly easy. Hose it down if it’s too dry; turn it more often if it’s too wet. For example, if you live in an apartment, you will be limited to vermicomposting just your kitchen scraps. Does your city have a municipal composting program or a community garden that composts?

Good thing it is such an easy and frugal thing to do!

After a 20-year career in green building and environmental sustainability, chronic illness forced her to shift her expertise and passion from the public sphere to home and hearth. Some seeds might sprout, but just keep the compost turned and aerated and it will be no big deal. I understand breads and rice can be compost as well?

Make sure you balance any food you add with enough carbonaceous or brown items, like dead leaves or dried grass. There is no need to add anything to compost except organic matter, and a little air and water. Since you tend to have a lot of pine needles at once, it’s better to use them for mulch than compost, if you can.It’s very thin and feels more like paper than plastic (it’s strong yet very easy to tear apart). They are not compostable at all unless they actually say “compostable” on the box. Like bones and things of that nature from dinner and other food waste we can’t use in the garden. If you finish a compost pile that is big enough in the fall (at least 3x3x3 cubic feet), it will likely heat up enough to steam during the winter, and be ready for spring. So is it safe to dump a cat’s liter box or dog poop (from your yard), in your compost bin or not ?

Many bandages contain some nylon or other synthetic fibers, so make sure yours are made from 100% cotton/linen if you compost them.



How I Compost In My Apartment | Duration 3 Minutes 51 Seconds

Are you able to compost charcoal briquettes and natural wood briquettes from the grill ?

Also, too much ash of any kind will throw the nutrient balance of the pile out of whack.

18 Cool DIY Compost Bin Designs by compostguide.com

Wire mesh surrounds the frame to provide full, yet breathable, side enclosures. Actually, it gets even simpler: a wire-mesh-only compost bin. If you anticipate a deeper compost pile, consider sawing your front pallet in half, as long as this provides easy access for compost removal. He chose red cedar for his wood type, using both 1’ by 6’ and 2’ by 2’ balusters (consider using a recycled wooden fence). Two separate containers allow for cyclical composting, but multiple chambers are optional. The lid can be reinforced by another wooden slat to distribute the weight so that a single wooden plank does not buckle with continued use, and a cord or chain can optionally connect the lid and frame to make the lid easier to close. Slats can be removed individually, allowing for variable access to remove compost. Finally, lightweight metal roofing is added to the frame and holes can be drilled as necessary to allow moisture to penetrate. If you are getting resistance at home about building a compost bin due to unfavorable appearances, a decorative brick bin might be appropriate for you. Bricks are stacked to the desired height, providing a clean, rich, and symmetrical structural appearance.Definitely one of the more expensive-looking stationary compost bins out there. One advantage to cinderblock is that they can be acquired for little to no money, and contain holes to encourage oxygen airflow throughout your bin. Washers serve as spacers so slats can be slid in and out for easy compost removal. The bin is shaped just like a brick unit, with a tapered front for easy product removal. The bales themselves will break down as well, so expect a lifespan of one year or less. Purchase the most inexpensive garbage, dark-colored can you can find in your preferred size. Holes are drilled on all sides of the garbage can and the lid itself for airflow. If your garbage can has wheels, this will help you move the bin to areas of your yard that are in need of compost. Use scissors, a hole-puncher, utility knife, or drill to create aeration holes in the lid. Be sure to empty it regularly to reduce odors and fruit fly attraction. However, this solution serves as an actual compost bin, not just temporary storage. Better yet, if you own one that is cracked, this is a perfect recycling solution. This unit is appropriate for apartment use, as the bin can be placed either under a cabinet or on a balcony. Two lidded plastic bins are required (he uses 18-gallon totes). This cutting method is preferred to simply drilling holes in the lid because worms can be controlled with light: although they do not have eyes, they do have sensitive photo-receptive cells on their bodies, which make them instinctively bury themselves in the compost pile to keep away from light. Need a crash course in compost bin types and materials?

Structural additions include wooden support beams and counterweights to preserve the plastic barrel’s shape and integrity. One advantage to this method is that no door needs to be created, since the top can be unscrewed and the barrel tilted downward to empty the compost. The wooden base is also created differently, which is an important distinction—this bottom-heavy barrel will need more support to keep it from tossing its frame over when spinning.



Worm Tower Composting | Duration 4 Minutes 37 Seconds

Alternatively, a stationary crank or knob can be attached to the outer end. I have an old disc blade painted black that allows air and flies in. With the flies come maggots which reduce the volume greatly. Judopuff describes in his video how to create easy and cheap 3’ by 3’ compost bins using only wood and wire (and some optional worms). A second piece of wire mesh is rolled into a cylinder and inserted upright in the compost pile to act as a “chimney” to allow air to reach the bottom (more than one can be used). Simply roll up a piece of wire mesh and support its shape with wooden stakes. They sawed the bottom one-third portion off of their front pallet and nailed that piece to the stationary bin. The bottom one-third remains in place to contain the compost. Ensure the single lid has adequate spacing between wood slats to capture a sufficient amount of water. Like the idea of a wooden enclosure but don’t want all the work?

The front of the bin utilizes slots in which to slide wooden planks; planks are spaced using exposed large-head screws. The frame is covered in mesh to prevent compost material from slipping through slat openings, and holes can be drilled in the planks themselves for aeration. Like a compost bin made of wood, a brick compost bin can be built to your size specifications if you have a local vendor cut or split the brick for you. An optional mesh frame can be attached to protect the top and front openings of your bin from critters. Cinderblocks should be stacked with the holes facing sideways (not up and down), conducive to side-to-side aeration. This particular site provides excellence guidance on how to build a cinderblock compost bin, including an optional wood-slatted front. Bricks can be used to line the bottom of the box to hold its shape. Line the crate with cloth, mesh, or landscape fabric to contain the compost. Make sure the garbage can you purchase has a lid: a locking lid is ideal as this will enable you to easily put the can on the ground and roll it around to mix up your compost material. When possible, elevate the garbage can on cinderblocks or another structure to allow air to reach the underside. A kitchen compost bin is typically used to store scraps until they are ready to be transferred to an outdoor compost bin. Any lidded plastic container that held non-toxic material will suffice.

You can store this small bin out of sight in a cabinet or decorate it and keep in on your countertop. Using a drill (or borrowing one), simply drill holes into all four sides of the bin for aeration. Depending on the size of your bin, it should be simple enough to lift and shake to mix your compost. Only one lid is required, in which a square is cut out and the opening lined with window screening, mesh, or cloth.The bin containing the holes gets the lid and should be placed inside the other bin, first seated on some spacers to encourage airflow and prevent the bins from sticking together. Aeration holes were drilled into the barrel and a cut-out door is secured with hinges and locking latches. There is adequate room underneath the wooden frame to fit a bucket or tray for easy compost removal. One potential downside could be difficulty in turning the barrel since weight is likely to be distributed at one end at any given time. One interesting difference is that this method features an internal aeration method; no holes are drilled on the outside of the barrel, which can prevent leakage and control odors. If there is enough clearance, we suggest installing hand holds for spinning. Bury the barrel so the holes are underground and surround the top with fire pit bricks. After tilling you’d never know there was anything spread on the garden.

Buyer’s Guide: Best Composters Reviewed by compostguide.com

It’s very expensive to buy commercialized compost, especially when you have wide areas to cover – which is why it’s a much better idea to recycle what perishables you already have. By “feeding” your soil with compost, you can expect great results when you are growing veggies, fruits, and flowers. There are various reasons why you may want to start making your own compost.



Kitchen Composting (Without Smells) | Duration 2 Minutes 21 Seconds

Creating compost reduces waste, which will furthermore diminish the carbon footprint. Composting offers you rich fertilizers that improve your garden’s quality. Next time, you may want to think better about throwing away those leftovers, fruit peels, or any other perishables. Rather than letting the compost form at the mercy of the environment, you can allow it to properly form in a correct environment, without the risk of it being compromised. However, if you keep the environment slightly moist and you turn it every few weeks, the compost will be ready to use much faster. For instance, if you do not have a lot of space to move around, you probably won’t benefit much from a rolling compost bin. Depending on your space and composting process, there are several types of compost bins that you may want to choose from. It’s an affordable, low-maintenance option that allows you to store small or large amounts of compost. The only downside is that they are much more difficult to mix and aerate than other composting bins, such as a tumbler. Since it’s black, it can absorb heat much easier – therefore enhancing the decomposition process and offering you compost much faster. Plus, the peaked lid will keep any insects away from the compost – so there’s no need to worry that your future plants will suffer. Plus, it’s very easy to install and access, which makes it the ideal compost bin for those who lack the time. Made from recycled material, this bin has a sturdy construction and a thickness that will keep it going through generations. The construction acts as insulation, which means that the heat will be kept in – therefore allowing the micro-organisms to break down the compost much faster. Plus, the bin features openings that will allow for the air to flow – therefore improving the speed of the composting process. It will offer you superior aeration, as well as a large capacity. All you have to do is unfold the panels, attach the waterproof cover, and you’re good to go. Holding 12 cubic feet of compost, it’s perfect if you have a lot of compost to handle. Furthermore, it offers great aeration thanks to the multiple narrow side vents. Plus, the smart door position allows you to easily reach the compost at the base – which is actually the richest one.The compost bin comes with an instruction manual, but overall, it’s very easy to use. This bin is easily assembled since all you have to do is snap the closure keys. This way, your compost will be ready to use much faster – and you may take it directly from the bottom access trap. This bin is equipped with an easy to use lift-off lid that allows you to put waste compost in at any time. Not only does it have a sturdy structure, but it’s also easy on the eyes thanks to the wood construction. It can hold around 22 cubic feet of compost – which is overall very easy to load. It may not have a lid, but this should not pose a problem as long as it is not placed in a very exposed area.Keep in mind that once you put waste in this type of bin, you won’t be able to add more until the entire mix has finished composting. Furthermore, they are more expensive, which is why you will need a bigger budget if you want such a compost bin. With its 60-gallon capacity, you can have a decent amount of compost in no time. Its steel legs will make sure the tumbling device stays in place, even when it’s not fully loaded. For a fairly low price, you get a composter bin that can offer you high-quality compost in as little as two years. The separate opening traps will allow you to take from the first side while permitting the second one to finish composting.

Plus, considering that it can hold 37 gallons of compost, you get a decent amount with each round. With a capacity of 88 gallons, this unit is fairly spacious. This tumbler has a large door, so filling and emptying it is an easy task. This unit is equipped with an internal bar that mixes the compost when you turn it. The legs are made of galvanized steel, which ensures its durability. They are also much more expensive than regular tumblers, due to the fact that they provide more compost. However, since this one is placed on a plastic base that allows rotation, it is much more stable than your average tumbler. Arriving fully-assembled and requiring low maintenance, it’s a great option for those who have little time to spare. Plus, the side holes offer good ventilation, which will lead to fast decomposition. This compact tumbler is perfect if you do not have a lot of garden space. It’s very easy to use, and the tumbler rotates based on a central shaft. Each container can hold a total of 27 gallons, which means you get a decent amount of compost, although it’s on the small side. Made from heavy-duty recycled polypropylene, this unit is perfect for year-round composting. Holding 37 gallons of compost, this model is larger than most of its kind.

At the same time, it can properly retain the heat needed to aid in the decomposition of the organic waste. The construction is very sturdy, so this unit is suitable for year-round use. The advantage of these types of compost bins is that you may use them outside. Each tray can hold almost 13 pounds of compost, which means that you get a decent amount at every turn. This worm compost bin is also expandable, so you can make as much compost as you want. Plus, it’s low maintenance, and all you have to do is move the tray every now and again. Furthermore, it’s one of the best worm trays for those on a budget, since it comes at a fairly cheap price. It will really bring your house alive, mainly due to the fact that it looks like an abstract, colorful work of art. Once the worms are done with one layer, they will move to the other one, allowing you to use the finalized compost. Plus, since it is fairly compact in size, it is appropriate for use even if you live in an apartment. This is why they opt for an indoor compost scrap collector since it allows them to make said compost from the waste they gather from their kitchen. Plus, they can be rather expensive, especially if you go for the electric versions.

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