Transform spaces with our modern laminates that are as beautiful as they are durable. When used as recommended with proper use and care, the end result is years of satisfaction. It doesn’t have to mean the end of a good-looking countertop, however. I don’t like the brown line that you see on the edge of a laminate countertop.

Like any surfacing materials it can be damaged by abuse and carelessness.

How We Make Laminate | Duration 10 Minutes 34 Seconds

For those of you whose laminate countertops have had unfortunate experiences with hot cookware, sadly, there is no way to turn back time. The seam you are referring to is created by a traditional “self-edge” or square edge fabrication (the core edge of the top surface is exposed). You have been selected to participate in a brief customer satisfaction survey to let us know how we can improve your experience.

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Originally used to replace mica in electrical applications, it has since been manufactured for a variety of applications. Then several plies or layers of kraft paper impregnated with a phenolic resin were placed on top of the decorative layer. On the other side of this plate another similar assembly was built until there were several laminates in one press pack to go into a single opening in the hydraulic press. A variant was to use a slightly roughened steel sheet atop the cover sheet, producing a laminate with a matte surface. After being removed from the press, the individual laminates were sanded on the phenolic kraft side to a uniform thickness. Those sheets were more brittle than potato chips, hence easily damaged. The proposal was to bypass the entire process of making paper and impregnating individual sheets, to be subsequently laminated. The melamine-impregnated cover sheets would be laid atop that, in forming the press packs.

How To Install Laminate On Counter Tops | Duration 9 Minutes 14 Seconds

Secondly, laminates traditionally made from plies of paper have different length and cross physical properties and the industry grew and developed based on rectangular laminates so cross-plying was not possible. A further advantage may have been that the core material could be impregnated with a pigment, approximately matching the color of the top sheet that would later be applied. The product simulating natural slate proved to be a very popular product and was a leading seller for many years.

An important application devised in the 1920s was the use of phenolic laminate fabric for gears; cut on conventional hobbing machines, the gears were tough and quiet, which was important for automotive timing gears.

Post-war, engineering uses declined, ceasing in 1970 in favor of decorative laminates. The number of plies of kraft used yielded products of varying thickness depending upon end-use requirements. Finally, another polished stainless steel press plate was placed on top of the pack assembly. The huge hydraulic presses, perhaps 5 feet by 12 feet, had many heated openings thus many laminates could be produced in a single press cycle of about one hour duration. This sanding operation also increased the back surface area so the more secure bonding to a substrate such as a kitchen counter could be achieved. Breaking off even a small corner rendered the sheet unusable (and not repairable or recyclable). The phenolic resin turned very dark brown during curing, so that a narrow brown line would show when the material was later used in a countertop.

Use of the cellulosic paste allowed using a deeply textured, or even sculptured, metal press sheet atop the decorative sheet, producing a formed surface. They would carve into this cement an illustration, such as natural slate in negative form. It was thought that such an approach would lead to producing large panels, usable for example as wall decor in a hotel lobby or corporate office.

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This plastic sheet is then glued over a substrate, most often particleboard. There is a variety of textures from glossy, smooth finishes to textured or even honed finishes. Drawbacks of the laminate countertops are that they are considered low end. If water should penetrate the particle board surface underneath, it will likely cause swelling and/or delamination.

If properly cared for, laminate tops can have a very long life. Burns, chips and cracks more often stay and become part of the lifeline of the countertop. A thin, clear, protective layer can be damaged with the use of abrasive cleaners.

Generally, smoother, or more polished finishes will show more wear faster than matte or textured finishes. Edge” is a separate strip applied directly to the front of the substrate. Although applied edges are better looking, they can actually lessen the lifespan of the top so choose your edge carefully.

How To Laminate A Countertop Beginner’S Tutorial | Duration 9 Minutes 40 Seconds

The numbers of edge detail options are limited and generally sinks cannot be undermounted (talk with your fabricator about various options).

It can also have visible seams on the decks and edges of the countertops. Laminate countertops are a good choice for both residential and commercial applications because it offers such a wide range of colors/ patterns and it is extremely economical. It is essential to seal sinks well, or the substrate can be exposed to water damage.

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Scratches tend to be light colored, which makes them highly visible against deep colors and virtually impossible to hide.

Test this yourself by taking a color chip and dragging the coarse bottom of a coffee cup across it, and then a steak knife and a pizza cutter. Another option is to choose a “color core” laminate, which has a much thicker color layer than regular laminate. Unfortunately, this type is three to four times more expensive and not as durable. Put them on the counter for a week or more—live with them—and judge them against the cabinet and wall colors in your kitchen. Or have paint mixed to match the chip and paint a larger board to set in your kitchen. To make sure you get a good selection, visit a kitchen specialty retailer as well as a home center. Any type of glossy finish will accentuate scratches, and wear will dull it in heavily used areas. Some matte finishes tend toward the glossy side, so run your scratch test on these chips too. Since it’s a single piece, it has no seams to separate and no corners to catch dirt. And some have a slightly raised front edge to keep spills from running over.

You can buy 45-degree angled sections for corners and join them. The conventional post-formed, coved backsplash has it hands down when it comes to cleaning and convenience. A butt backsplash, which sits on top of the countertop, allows you to choose different colors, patterns and materials to accent an otherwise plain top. You can run tile, stone, sheet metal or laminate itself on the wall down to the countertop and run a smooth bead of caulk along the countertop/wall joint. Dealers can show you a wide range of them, from simple bullnoses to beveled laminate, to wood, to various inlays—at a wide range of prices! Wood edges are handsome, but they’re more vulnerable to moisture and wear.

If you opt for a natural stone–style laminate, choose a beveled edge to mimic a stone edge.

How To Install Sheet Laminate On A Countertop | Duration 8 Minutes 8 Seconds

All you need for your initial visit to a kitchen dealer is a rough sketch of your kitchen and rough measurements. The very top layer is a decorative (colored) paper that’s covered with a hard plastic overlay.

What’s more, under heat and pressure it can be easily shaped, making it ideal for the rounded edges of countertops.

However, these types are less durable, more brittle and more expensive.

Although laminate is durable, scratches are inevitable because countertops typically get heavy wear. If you love a deep color, find a pattern in that color that’ll help disguise scratches. Select three or four chips you like, plus one or two “wild card” choices, and take them home. Observe them both in daylight and under the room lights in the evening. You can also request samples directly from laminate countertop manufacturers. If you want to venture beyond one color or pattern, say for a fancier counter edge or different-colored backsplash, take samples of those home as well. You may find a somewhat different color selection and wider range of edge options. You’ll basically have two choices of surface finish: matte and glossy. Also, some types of matte finishes have a coarser surface, which can be quite attractive but may require more careful cleaning, especially if they’re light colored. The most common is called “post-formed,” which means that the top is formed from a single piece of laminate that’s shaped into a backsplash at the rear and a rounded edge in front.

You’ll find limited colors, sizes and shapes, and it’ll take a bit more work to install them because you’ll have to cut them to length and install laminate end caps. But consider other options if you want to add that decorator touch to your kitchen. This method gives you a bit more countertop depth, but make sure you think through all the wall details before you choose it. Laminate has a lot of style, especially when it comes to countertop edges.

Countertop Transformation The Rust Oleum Way | Duration 11 Minutes 57 Seconds

You have to touch up the finish periodically to keep them looking sharp. Make sure any edging you choose won’t interfere with drawers or the dishwasher door. And make sure the longest countertop piece will fit through the door and around obstructions to get to your kitchen! Laminate is made from layers of resin-coated brown paper that are sandwiched together under high heat and pressure. The result is a hard, durable material that’s water resistant, easy to clean and relatively inexpensive. Since square corners usually show the brown edge, some manufacturers make a laminate with color throughout by using colored paper for all layers.

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Individual ants tend to take the position in the raft which they held in the past. Formica ants are notable for their parasitic and slave-making behaviors.

Eventually, the colony consists of only the invading queen’s offspring. Formica species of adopting recently mated queens into established colonies.

They maintain large populations of aphids on the secretions of which they feed, and which the ants defend from other predators. Formica nests are of many different types from simple shaft-and-chamber excavations in soil with a small crater or turret of soil above to large mounds, under stones or logs, or in stumps. Queens may be singly or multiply mated, and may or may not be related. Individual ants come together to form a living raft to survive the flood. This return to the same role in the raft is an example of specialization.

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We didn’t spend thousands to have someone come and dig out our countertop!

The “fix” was to have fabricator come and dig out the red flecks and fill it in with filler.


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